Periodicity of Examination, Preventive Dental Services, Anticipatory Guidance/Counseling, and Oral Treatment for Infants, Children, and Adolescents

Abstract

This best practice presents recommendations about anticipatory guidance and timing of other clinical modalities which promote oral health
during infancy, childhood, and adolescence. The guidance, though modifiable to children with special needs, focuses on healthy, normallydeveloping
children and addresses comprehensive oral examination, assessment of caries risk, professional preventive procedures, fluoride
supplementation, radiographic examination and evaluation, anticipatory guidance and preventive counseling, sealant placement, treatment
of dental disease and injury, treatment of developing malocclusions, evaluation of third molars if present, and referral for regular and
routine dental care including transition to adult care. These preventive recommendations may be applied for the following age groups: six
to 12 months, 12 to 24 months, 24 months to six years, six to 12 years, and 12 years and older. This guidance emphasizes the importance
of very early professional intervention and continuity of care based on the individualized needs of the child.

This document was developed through a collaborative effort of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry Councils on Clinical Affairs
and Scientific Affairs to offer updated information and recommendations regarding oral health services and counseling for pediatric
dental patients.

KEYWORDS: ADOLESCENT, CHILD, FLUORIDES, MALOCCLUSION, ORAL HEALTH, TRANSITION TO ADULT CARE