Guidelines for the Management of Traumatic Dental Injuries: 2. Avulsion of Permanent Teeth
Avulsion of permanent teeth is one of the most serious dental injuries, and a prompt and correct emergency management is very important for the prognosis. The International Association of Dental Traumatology (IADT) has developed a consensus statement after a review of the dental literature and group discussions. Experienced researchers and clinicians from various specialties were included in the task group. The guidelines represent the current best evidence and practice based on literature research and professionals’ opinion. In cases where the data did not appear conclusive, recommendations were based on the consensus opinion or majority decision of the task group. Finally, the IADT board members were giving their opinion and approval. The primary goal of these guidelines is to delineate an approach for the immediate orurgent care of avulsed permanent teeth. (Dental Traumatology 2012;28:88-96; doi:10.1111/j.1600-9657.2012. 01125.x) Accepted January 30, 2012
KEYWORDS: AVULSION, EXARTICULATION, CONSENSUS, REVIEW, TRAUMA, TOOTH
1Department of Surgical Sciences, Faculty of Dentistry, Health Sciences Center, Kuwait University, Kuwait City, Kuwait; 2Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Center of Rare Oral Diseases, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshopitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark; 3 Paedriatic Dentistry, Leeds Dental Institute and Bradford District Care Trust Salaried Dental Service, Leeds, UK; 4 Faculty of Health Sciences, School of Dentistry, Endodontology, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, Australia; 5 Department of Endodontics, School of Dentistry, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA; 6 Department of Dentistry, Hennepin County Medical Center and University of Minnesota School of Dentistry, Minneapolis, MN, USA; 7 Hospital for Sick Children and University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada; 8 Department of Endodontics, UNC School of Dentistry, Chapel Hill, NC, USA; 9 Private Practice, Paris, France; 10Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Universidad de Valparaiso, Valparaiso, Chile; 11Department of Endodontics, University of Maryland School of Dentistry, Baltimore, MD, USA; 12Private Practice, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; 13 Division of Pediatrics, Department of Clinical Sciences Intervention and Technology, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; 14 Private Practice, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Qld, Australia; 15 Private Practice, Amagun, Aichi, Japan
Correspondence to Lars Andersson, DDS, PhD, DrOdont, Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Department of Surgical Sciences, Health Sciences Center,
P.O. Box 24923, Safat 13110, Kuwait.
Tel.: +965 24986695
Fax: +965 24986732
* Members of the Task Group.