Acquired Temporomandibular Disorders in Infants, Children, and Adolescents


The American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD) recognizes that disorders of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), masticatory muscles, and associated structures occasionally occur in infants, children, and adolescents. These recommendations are intended to assist the practitioner in the recognition and diagnosis of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) and to identify possible treatment options. It is beyond the scope of this document to recommend the use of specific treatment modalities.