Policy Center Releases Technical Brief on Patient-Centered Care
The AAPD Pediatric Oral Health Research and Policy Center’s (POHRPC) most recent technical brief addresses the topic of patient-centered care in the context of increasing rates of dental caries in pre-school children, limited resources and a potential increase in patient demand due to the provisions of the Affordable Care Act.
Patient-centered care is generally defined as "care that is respectful and responsive to individual patient preferences, needs, and values." The term "patient- and family-centered care" grew out of the patient-centered care concept along with the desire to create a model that is more focused on the child and the family. This approach acknowledges that care should be planned not only around the individual child, but also around and in partnership with the family. The brief outlines the five core principals of patient- and family-centered care and how these principles allow the health care team to collaborate across all dimensions of health in order to enhance oral health and prevent disease. The potential benefits for patient- and family-centered care include improved patient and family health outcomes, increased patient and family satisfaction, increased professional satisfaction, decreased health care costs, and more effective use of health care resources.
The brief provides a number of case studies that illustrate how patient- and family-centered care fit within the dental home. It also addresses health information technology and government programs that promote this care model. Finally, policy recommendations for patient- and family-centered care are presented.
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